Arges County - Braila County - Bucharest County - Buzau County - Calarasi County - Dambovita County - Dolj County - Giurgiu County - Ialomita County - Ilfov County - Mehedinti County - Olt County - Prahova County - Teleorman County - Valcea CountyHotels in Olt - Travel Agencies in OltOther zones : Crisana and Banat - Dobrogea - Maramures - Moldova and Bucovina - Transylvania
- geographical situation: it is located in the southern part of Romania, on both banks of the lower Olt;
- neighbours: in the east-Arges, Teleorman; in the west-Dolj; in the north-west-Valcea; in the south-the Danube, Bulgaria;
- surface: 5,498 square km (respectively 2,3 % of the country's surface);
- population: 517,000 inhabitants;
- towns: SLATINA-capital of the county (with 87,000 inhabitants,
one of the oldest towns in Wallachia, situated on the terraces dominating the Olt Valley); Bals; Caracal; Corabia; Draganesti Olt; Piatra Olt; Scornicesti.
- relief: a structure of fields and plateau (not very high hills). The relief decreases in height from north to south, the altitudes go down to the Vitomiresti towards the Danube with the final point at Corabia. In the north, near Slatina there are the last prolongations of the Getic Piedmont (Cotmeana Plateau, a region of hills), in the centre, from Slatina to the Danube we find a fragment of the Romanian Field (the Boian, Caracal and Burnas Fields) which ends in the south with the Danube Meadow;
- climate: it is determined by the geographical situation and relief, being temperate continetal, influenced by waves of dry air coming from west manifesting themselves through frosts and dry summers. In this county, 200 days a year the temperature doesn't go below 00 C. The winds are irregular: the Northern wind which brings snow and blizzards in winter, rains in spring and drought in summer, the dry south wind and the Baltaretu with rains;
- watercourses: the main collector is the Danube (47 km in the south). The Olt flows into the Danube (the ancient Alutus), crossing the county, from north to south (160 km). It receives tributaries: the Oltet, Teslui, DⲪov, then, in the north, Vedea, with the tributaries Plapcea, Calmatui, Coteana, Mamul, Pesceana.
PRESERVES AND MONUMENTS OF NATURE
- The "Boianu" Bustards Preserve-(near the villages of Nicolae Titulescu, Valeni, Seaca). The bustards were a very appreciated hunting in the past, so their number is very reduced nowadays, making necessary their sheltering inside preserves. The main territory in Romania with a bustard population is the Boian Field;
- The Topana Forest-forest preserve, near Topana village, with trees of impressive heights;
- The Geaca Optasani Forest-(48 km away from Pitesti), forest preserve near the villages of Poboru and Spineni.
- Vestiges of the Roman Town "Romula"-Resca (north of Caracal), on the place of an old Geto-Dacian settlemen, Malava. It became a "municipium" (in times of Adrian) and a "colonia" (in times of Septimius Severus). Today one can see the ruins of the buildings, temples and baths;
- Ruins of Voivodal Court-Caracal, residence of voivodes in the times of Michael the Brave (16th century), Matei Basarab and Constantin Brancoveanu;
- The Ruins of Sucidava Fortress-Celei Corabia, ancient Geto-Dacian settlement, on the place of an older one belonging to Cotofeni Culture, the 3rd millenium B.C. Later the fortress became an important Roman military and economical centre as well as harbour becoming town in 250 A.D. It was an important urban centre in the Roman-Byzantine period;
- Ruins of Voivodal Court-Brancoveni (17th-18th centuries).
- Brancoveni Monastery-(15 km away from Piatra Olt), it was built in the 16th century, the first documentary mention dates since 1582-1583. It was rebuilt by Matei Basarab in 1640 and by Constantin Brancoveanu in 1699. The wall painting was made in 1702;
- Caluiu Monastery-the Oboga village, began by boyards Craiovesti in 1516 and finished by Buzesti brothers in 1588. The church tower is the dominant component of the building. The portraits of the founders are painted on walls. The monument was restored on various occasions losing its original structure;
- Hotarani Monastery-the Farcasele village, it was built in 1588 by chancellor Mitrea, painted in 1708, today a museum;
- Clocociov Monastery-it was built by Michael the Brave (1594);
- Streharet Monastery-important monument for the 17th century architecture (1672);
- "SaintTrinity" Church-Caracal (1646).
- "Iancu Jianu" Memorial House-Caracal, it is set up in the house of the famous outlaw exhibiting several items and weapons illustrating his struggle agianst the opression of the boyards;
- "Nicolae Titulescu" Memorial House-Nicolae Titulescu, it exhibits various documents and personal objects of the great Romanian politician.
Source: Romanian Travel Guide / Publirom