- geographical situation: in the eastern part of Romania, in the middle of Moldavia, on the eastern slope of the Western Carpathians, the highest altitude is that of the Grindasu peak-1664 m,
in the Tarcau Mountains, and the lowest is measured on the Siret river meadow-95 m;
- neighbours: in the north-Neam-he south-Vrancea; in the west-Harghita, Covasna; in the east-Vaslui;
- surface: 6,621 square km (respectivly 2,8 % of the country-s territory);
- population: 745,000 inhabitants;
- towns: BACAU-capital of the county (with 210,000 inhabitants, it is placed at the junction of the Bistrita and Siret rivers, the city of Bacovian anxieties and endless rains, no longer has the obsessive leaden sky from the poet-s verse or that image of provincial town of dust and oblivion, having become a gate open to new beauties, a citadel of light and colour); Buhusi; Comanesti; Darmanesti;
Moinesti; Onesti; Slanic- Moldova; Tg. Ocna.
- relief: it is structured into levels, in decreasing order of the height from west to east, with mountain peaks, strongly pleated (the Vrancea Mountains in the south, the Gosman(1,447m) and Tarcau Mountains(1167m) in the north, the Ciuc Mountains in the west, the Nemira Mountains in south-west, the Sub-Carpathian hills and the Tazlau-Casin Depression (90 km), Comanesti Depression, the Siret meadow-the lowest region of the county and the Barlad Plateau;
- climate: it marks a gradual transition from strong continental-in the east, to moderate-continental-in the west, depending on the relief levels (in the mountains and hills, the climate is harsher than in the region of meadows characterised by variable rainfalls and winds blowing from north, north-west);
- watercourses: the main hydrographic collector is the Siret river, followed by Trotus and its tributaries: Tazlau, Oituz, Casin, and part of the Bistrita river.
- The Nemira Mountains-they are hidden in the Eastern Carpathians, between the Ciuc Mountains and Vrancea Mountains, rich in natural beauties and monuments of nature, for instance: the gorges and waterfalls of Doftana, the water of Barzauta (with many rapids and waterfalls), the Balatau lake, areas with mineral water springs (on the Slanic, Oituz and Doftana Valley). - Nemira-s table lands and rocks- (on the main peak of the Nemira Mountains) is a complex natural preserve, home of rare species as edelweiss, and in the spruce fir forests around the springs, the yew tree;
- The Tarcau Mountains-their silent and dignified existence, their charm and greatness, have been described by many Romanian writers (Calistrat Hogas etc.). It was here, under the knoll of Tarcau, that Vitoria Lipan, heroine of Mihail Sadoveanu-s novel Baltagul-The Hatchet, started her action in search of justice, carrying with her the strong nature and the spirit of justice shared by the inhabitants of this region.
- The Balatau Lake-it is a natural dam lake, monument of nature, at an altitude of 530 m, in the Nemira Mountains, 3 km away from Salatruc. The lake was formed in 1883 after landslides and long heavy rains over the summer. Nowadays it is visited by many fishermen;
- The Poiana Uzului Accumulating Lake-(at an altitude of 520 m);
- The Belci Lake.
Preserves and monuments of nature
- The Dendrological Park-Haghiac, on Doftanei Valley, 13 km north-west of Targu Ocna and 3 km west of Doftana), it is a forest preserve with many plant species, especially trees: the Oriental pine, coming from China, Korea, Japan (extremely rare in Europe);
- Sl㮩c Moldovia Forest-forest preserve, 571 hectares;
- The -Poiana Sarariei--Targu Ocna-, botanical preserve;
- The Oak-Borzesti, century-old tree protected by law.
- The Park on the Former Ghica Estate, Comanesti-it is a leisure park with rare decorative species: field sycamore maple, Japanese spruce fir, Sawara cypress, silver sycamore maple, Pennsylvanian maple tree.
- Slanic Moldova-(18 km south-west of Targu Ocna and 84 km from Bacau), it is located on the Slanic Valley in the Eastern Carpathians, at an altitude of 530 m. Famous watering place of international importance (also called -The Pearl of Moldavia-), benefits from the rich variety
of the more than 20 mineral water springs. The first ones were discovered in 1801, and the therapeutic value of the water was confirmed by many gold medals received at various international exhibitions, being compared to that of Karlovy-Varz, Aix-les-Bains. The climate marks a transition between that of the hill regions and the sub-alpine one (warm summers and mild winters). Although the north wind blows strongly on the Nemira peak, it never manages to reach the spa. The dominant wind here is the mountain breeze, refreshing the atmosphere with resinous aerosols. In -Pictoresque Romania-, Alexandru Vlahuta was writing: -- all of a sudden, right in front of us I see, like a light among the trees, the Slanic Spa-Moldavia-s Sinaia. Here, the valley closes in from all sides, a circle of mountains catches it in the middle--. The spa has a lot of treatment facilities: for internal mineral water cure; facilities for respiratory therapy; facilities for warm mineral water baths; pools for kinetotherapy; devices for electro- or hydrotherapy; medical gyms; mofettes; offices for Gerovital treatments. Access: by air (by plane from Bucharest to Bacau and then by car), by train (railway station Targu Ocna-Saline, on the line Adjud-Ciceu, then by bus), by road (DN 12 A from Onesti or from Miercurea Ciuc; DN 11 from Bacau or from Brasov).
- The Dacian Tribal Centre of Poiana-it was mentioned by the ancient geographer Ptolemeus as Piroboridava, in the 1st century B.C. Piroboridava was a prosperous settlement and a very strong fortress;
- The Ruins of the Ruling Prince-s Court-Bacau, 1481;
- The Traces of a Dacian Settlement-Horegesti, (1st century B.C.-2nd century A.D.);
- The Roman Salt Pits-Targu Ocna.
- Church, Borzesti-it was built in 1493 by Stephen the Great (courageous ruler who made famous Moldavia) in memory of his childhood friend, killed here by the arrows of the Tartars (as the legend says);
- The Raducanu Monastery-Targu Ocna, it was built in 1664 by Radu Racovita, with paintings and sculptures of great artistic value. It also hosts the tomb of Costache Negri (1812-1876), famous scholar and revolutionist;
- The -Precista- Virgin Church, Bac㵭it was built by Voivode Alexandru, son of Stephen the Great (1490);
- Wallachian Style Church-Casin, 17th century, it was built by the Wallachians who lived at Rucar and Dragoslavele;
- Church-Radeana, (1628);
- The Casin Monastery-16 km from Onesti, (1655);
- The Ciolpani Monastery-Buhusi, (12th century);
- The Runc Monastery-Buhusi, (1457);
- The Tisa Silvestru Monastery-Secuieni, (1723);
- The Bogdana Monastery-Stefan cel Mare, (1670).
Monuments and Statues
- The Memorial Monument, Oituz-in memory of the battles from these places in World War I, the Oituz pass was the only place where the Romanian troops were not defeated in 1916-1918.
Bacau county is an ethnographic area which includes authentic treasures of folk art, marked by strong original note. The main ethnographic centres are: Brusturoasa (carpentry, weaving), Casin (carpentry, linen, hemp, woollen tissues), Oituz (pottery and wickerwork in hazel wool), Salatruc (carved wood gates).
Source: Romanian Travel Guide / Publirom